After marriage, husband disappeared for three years
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If a man undertook a contract [of marriage] with a woman and then disappeared for three years, is it permissible for her to request a divorce [from him] via the judge? Provide us a legal ruling [and] may Allaah reward you with good.
It is permissible for her to raise her matter with the judge, so he can impose upon him (the husband) to attend [the hearing], and if he refuses to attend, then she is permitted to request the judge to issue a divorce ruling for her.
And with Allaah lies all success.
Shaykh Muhammad ibn 'Abdillaah as-Subayyal
Fataawa wa Rasaa.il Mukhtaarah - Page 451